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Research Methodology 2017/2018

  • 6 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Continuous Assessment


(Compulsory unit to enroll in Dissertation during year 2)
At the end of the semester, students should be able to:
1- Understand the nature of scientific research;
2- Conceive a research project, recognizing the principles of scientific ethics;
3- Identify methods for collecting and analyzing data;
4- Recognize the main information sources in the scientific area, both at a national and international level;
5- Analyze and interpret a set of data (with the use of SPSS software);
6- Write a scientific paper and correctly communicate research results;
7- Use citation and bibliographic management software.

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Metodology

A mixed methodology is adopted, applying expositive methods, with the support of Powerpoint presentations or direct illustrations from the Web, for the initial presentation of the learning outcomes, and active methods in order to stimulate a research and problem-based learning. In each class, group works that include reading, formal and content analysis and debate, as well as problem-solving exercises are developed, in the search for a meaningful learning, based on collective discussion and self-discovery. Two Seminars with external lectures will assist the learning methodology.

Assessment is continuous, and consists on a work with the development of a questionnaire, its use to collect data and data analysis using SPSS (30%) and a written essay wit oral presentation (50%), and on a written test (20%).

Body of Work

1. Grounds and paradigms of scientific research. Ethics and social responsibility;
2. The research process. Research models in Social Sciences: classification regarding their nature, approaches, objectives, methods and technics;
3. Information sources for research in the scientific area. Information retrieval: strategies, analysis and evaluation. Citation and bibliographic styles and managers;
4. Design and construction of a research project: problem, hypothesis, objectives, methodology and methods;
5. Writing and publishing scientific papers. Formal organization and literary reviews.
6. Descriptive Statistics: 1) Frequency Distributions and their representations gráficas. 2) Descriptive measures: measures of location, measures of dispersion, measures of skewness and kurtosis. 3) Simple Regression and Correlation.

Recommended Bibliography

Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2015). Business Research Methods, 4th Edition, Oxford Univer

Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 4th Edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Day, R. A. (2006). How to write and publish a scientific paper (6ª Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fortin, M. F. (2003). O processo de investigação: da concepção à realização (3ª. Ed.). Loures: Lusociência.

Maroco, J. (2011). Análise Estatística com o SPSS Statistics (6.ª Ed.). Pêro Pinheiro: ReportNumber.

Murteira, B., Ribeiro, C. R., Silva, J. A., Pimenta, C. & Pimenta F. (2015) Introdução à Estatística (3ª edição). Lisboa: Escolar Editora.

Sousa, M., & Baptista, C. (2011). Como fazer investigação, dissertações, teses e relatórios. Lisboa: Pactor.

Stake, R. E. (2007). Investigación con estudio de casos. Madrid: Ediciones Morata.

Complementary Bibliography

Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using BM SPSS Statistics. 4th Edition. Sage.

Marconi, M. A., & Lakatos, E. M. (2010). Fundamentos de metodologia científica (7ª. Ed.). São Paulo: Atlas.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2008). Research Methods for Business Students (5th. Edition). Essex: Pearson Education.

Weekly Planning

to be defined

Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The 1st and 2nd learning outcomes are attained through the 1st and 2nd contents of the syllabus. The 3rd learning outcome will be reached through the exploitation of contents 3 and 4. The 4th learning outcome is related to the 4th topic of the syllabus. The 5th learning outcome is related to the 6th and 7th topics of the syllabus. Finally, the 6th and 7th learning outcomes are attained through the exploitation of points 4 and 5 of the syllabus.

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The 1st and 2nd learning outcomes are attained through the combination of a theoretical approach and the reading, analysis and discussion of written texts and some practical exercises, in a participatory way. The 3rd objective corresponds to a brief theoretical exposition illustrated by examples on the Internet and followed by processes of self-discovery and class discussion of problems and successes. To reach the 4th objective practical work is developed, allowing the drawing of fictional research projects and using resources retrieved during the previous session. Expositive and participatory methods are used to reach objectives 5, 6 and 7. The two seminars intend to promote the achievement of objectives 3, 4, 6 and 7.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
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