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Theory of Organizations 2017/2018

  • 4 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Continuous Assessment


1. To systematize in a critical way the theory of organizations;
2. To develop the main theories and integrate them in the context of organizations alerting to their importance in the development of scientific knowledge.
3. To know the main theoretical contributions underlying the theories of organizations.
4. To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the main organizational structures, and select the most appropriate for each company;
5. To propose organizational actions in turbulent contexts;
6. To justify the functioning of modern organizations;
7. Learning ability, which promotes a constructivist and adaptive thinking to new situations;
8. Capacity for synthesis and analysis;
9. Ability to solve problems;
10. Capacity to autonomous work;
11. To know working in team and with people from different backgrounds;
12. Oral and written communication skills.

Recommended Prerequisites


Teaching Metodology

The Unit is theoretical and practical, giving particular emphasis to the activities of research, organization and study conducted by the student, and the accomplishment of a theoretical - practical research work. The classes are organized by combining two complementary teaching techniques: i) lecture classes and discussion (supported by slides and also by articles and/or book chapters used to motivate the discussion, as well as other supporting material made available through the teaching platform online); ii) practical and oriented classes (they are oriented to the group realization of a research work with practical case written on an organization theory, presented and defended by each working group). The assessment of knowledge integrates three components: participation in classes and attendance; Accomplishment of a work with practical application in group; and an individual written test. Each of these three components is weighted with relative weights of 10%, 30% and 60% respective.

Body of Work

1. Introduction
1.1. Introduction to general theory of administration
1.2. The origins of administration

2. General theories of administrative thought
2.1. Classical approach
2.2. Humanistic approach
2.3. Neoclassical approach
2.4. Structuralist approach
2.5. Behavioral approach
2.6. Systemic approach
2.7. Contingency approach
2.8. Approach to knowledge

3. Specific theories of business sciences
3.1. Life cycle theory
3.2. Resource-based View
3.3. Stakeholder theory
3.4. Network theory
3.5. Theory of the agency
3.6. Transaction cost theory
3.7. Behavioral theory
3.8. Institutional theory
3.9. Theory of industrial organization
3.10. Evolutionary theory

Recommended Bibliography

Argyris, C. (2004). Reasons and Rationalizations: The Limits to Organizational Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Argyris, C. (1971). Management and Organizational Development: the Path from XA to YB. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Chiavenato, I. (2013). Teoria Geral da Administração Abordagens prescritivas e normativas - 7ª edição; Vol. I, II, Editora MANOLE.

Eriksson-Zetterquist, U.; Müllern, T. e Styhre, A. (2011). Organization Theory. A practice-based approach, Oxford University Press.

Gibson, J., Ivancevich, J., Donelly, J., Konopaske, R. (2006). Organizations: Behaviour structure processes; twelfth Edition; McGraw-Hill.

Hatch, M. J. (2006). Organization Theory. Modern, symbolic, and postmodern perspectives, Oxford University Press.

Hodge, B.J., William, P. A., Lawrence M. G. (2002). Organization Theory: A Strategic Approach (6th Edition) 6th Edition.

Weekly Planning


Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The syllabus intends to reflect on the subjects as a whole, while enabling students with a solid knowledge of the main theoretical and practical foundations. The first chapter provides an introduction to the basic questions of the origin of management theories and thinking. The second chapter explores the essential components that comprise the analysis of the main classical theories of management. Finally, chapter 3 deals with specific and contemporary theories of business science. Students thus have the opportunity to identify, know and apply the principles and foundations to different business realities and also the opportunity to develop research allowing them to broaden their knowledge in new areas of research.

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The teaching methodology presented aims to ensure the student's follow-up in a coherent way throughout the learning process, so that the various groups and each of their elements acquire a greater independence, autonomy and self-confidence in the accomplishment of the tasks. Regarding the presentation and discussion of the works, it aims to stimulate the students' ability to intervene and communicate. During practice-oriented classes, students are expected to use advanced search tools and initiate research in the services and bibliographic databases available online in digital libraries. This approach allows students to be confronted with publications of different levels and scientific rigor, fundamental and predominant in this 2 cycle level (and next). Finally, the individual test aims to examine the acquisition of knowledge in the main topics.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
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