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Research Methodology 2 2016/2017

  • 6 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Continuous Assessment

Objectives

After completing the course, the student will be able to:
• Identify and take ownership of the style and form of scientific writing in psychology;
• Explore topics of research in clinical and health psychology;
• Address validity concerns in clinical and health psychology research;
• Consider ethical conditions for research in clinical and health psychology;
• Know the diversity of quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods in research in psychology;
• Know and apply methodological options in quantitative, qualitative and mixed studies;
• Know different research plans and know how to select the best research methods according to research questions raised in the investigation;
• Develop autonomy in the planning and interpretation of research in psychology.

Recommended Prerequisites

Prior skills developed in Research Methods I are recommended.

Teaching Metodology

There will be a combination of expository methodologies and active and participatory methodologies. The expository methods will be supported on ppt slides, the exploration of scientific articles and chapters and of databases. The active methods are based on the realization of practical activities, particularly the reflection and discussion of the quality and applicability of different research methods. These practical activities will seek the active resolution of research problems in psychology, including the plannning of studies in clinical and health psychology. The students will be stimulated to present and critically discuss methods and research results, presenting for this purpose individual and small group assignments. Each student will develop his/her own research project, presenting the theoretical background for the researh question and metodological options.

Body of Work

1. The scientific paper in psychology - scientific writing recommendations.
2. Research questions in clinical and health psychology: research topics.
3: Psychology research goals: the researcher's view and the identification of research questions.
4. Validity in clinical and health psychology research.
5. Ethical considerations in clinical and health psychology.
6. Quantitative research designs
6.1 Experimental and quasi-experimental designs.
6.2 Correlational data analysis.
6.3 Modeling relations between variables.
6.4 Cluster analysis.
6.5 Meta-analysis.
7. Qualitative research designs
7.1 Observation and resarch-action.
7.2 Individual interviews and focus groups.
7.3 Thematic analysis, discourse analysis and grounded theory.
8. Mixed methods research in psychology.

Recommended Bibliography

American Psychological Association (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Almeida, L. S. & Freire, T. (2010). Metodologia da investigação em psicologia e educação (5ª edição). Braga: Psiquilíbrios.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Howittt, D., & Cramer, D. (2011). Introduction to research methods in psychology (3rd. ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited.
Kline, T. J. B. (2005). Psychological testing: A practical approach to design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Pasquali, L. (2003). Psicometria: teoria dos testes na psicologia e na educação. Petrópolis: Editora Vozes.

Complementary Bibliography

-Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coutinho, C. P. (2011). Metodologia de investigação em ciências sociais e humanas: Teoria e prática. Coimbra: Livraria Almedina.
Forrester, M. (Ed.) (2010). Doing qualitative research: A pratical guide.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Marôco, J. (2014). Análise estatística com o SPSS Statistics (6ª ed.). Pêro Pinheiro: Report Number.
Martins, C. (2011). Manual de análise de dados quantitativos com recurso ao IBM SPSS: Saber decidir, fazer, interpretar e redigir. Braga: Psiquilíbrios.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Torres, L. L., & Palhares, J. A. (2014). Metodologia de investigação em ciências sociais da educação. Vila Nova de Famalicão: Edições Húmus
Wilkinson, D. & Birmingham, P. (2003). Using research instruments: A guide for researchers. London: Routledge.

Weekly Planning

Week 1: Presentation of the curricular unit - goals, teaching and assessment methods, and expected results. Writing a scientific paper in psychology: recomendations.
Week 2: Themes in research in clinical and health psychology. Tutorial guidance of the students' group assignments.
Week 3: Themes in research in clinical and health psychology. Presentation of the students' group assignments.
Week 4: Psychology research goals: the researcher's view and the identification of research questions
Week 5: Ethical considerations in clinical and health psychology. Quantitative research designs: experimental and quasi-experimental designs.
Week 6: Quantitative research designs: experimental and quasi-experimental designs; correlational data analysis.
Week 7: Quantitative research methods: Correlational data analysis; modeling relations between variables.
Week 8: Class analysis. Meta-analysis. TO.
Week 9: Qualitative research designs: observation and resarch-action.
Week 10: Qualitative research designs: data collection with individual interviews and focus groups.
Week 11: Qualitative research designs: thematic analysis, discourse analysis and grounded theory.
Week 12: Mixed methods research in psychology.
Week 13: Written test. Tutorial guidance of the students' individual assignments.
Week 14: Tutorial guidance of the students' individual assignments.
Week 15: Presentation of the individual assignments.

Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

In order to provide students with the opportunity for the development of competencies to select and use different psychological research methods, the programmatic contents include a diversity of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods. In order to allow students to relate different methods to different research questions and know how to select these methods in accordance with the questions, the programmatic contents include the analysis and critical reflection about psychological research reports (in the form of scientific articles), namely the method and results sections. In order to develop research planning skills in psychology, the syllabus include the exploration and drafting of the method and results sections of scientific papers, while considering the study's validity and ethical questions in the implemmentation of the study.

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The use of expository methods allows the transmission and analysis of new contents related to quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods in research in psychology. These methods support the acquisition of advanced knowledge in the field, by the students. The use of methods involving the active participation of the students is accomplished through the analysis and interpretation of the methods and results sections in research reports, as well as problem-solving applied to research, particularly in the planning of research and the critical evaluation of assessment instruments and data collection procedures. Individual and group assignments will contribute for the acquisition of research planning skills and the critical analysis and use of research results in different topics in clinical and health psychology. Combining these different methods will therefore allow students to meet the goals of this course.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledgeYesYes
Adapting to new situationsYesYes
Analytical and synthetic skillsYesYes
Balanced decision makingYesYes
Bargaining abilityYes 
Commitment to effectivenessYesYes
Commitment to qualityYesYes
CreativityYesYes
Cultural awareness  
Ethical and responsible behaviourYesYes
Event organization, planning and managementYesYes
Foreign language proficiencyYes 
Information and learning managementYesYes
Initiative and entrepreneurship capabilityYes 
IT and technology proficiencyYesYes
LeadershipYes 
Problem Analysis and AssessmentYesYes
Problem-solvingYesYes
Relating to othersYesYes
Research skillsYesYes
Self-assessmentYesYes
TeamworkYesYes
Understanding multiculturalism and valuing diversityYes 
Working in international contextYes 
Written and verbal communications skillsYesYes
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